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Information about Afghanistan

Country

Afghanistan

Official name

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Area

652.090 km≤

Population

32,738,376 (Juli 2008)

Capital

Kabul (2,9 miljoen inwoners)

Time zone

+ 3,5

Independence (from the United Kindgdom)

19 augustus 1919



Afghanistan is a Central Asian republic with a population of approximately 37 million people. It shares borders with Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China. The capital and largest city is Kabul.

Current situation:
The many wars in the last decades destroyed the economy and have made Afghanistan a poor country. One third of the arable land is not used because the farmers who work this land have had to flee from the violence. Agriculture and food production in general do not produce enough food to feed the nationís inhabitants. As a consequence a major proportion of Afghans depend on foreign aid to survive.

The years of war have had a devastating effect on the children of Afghanistan. Tens of thousand of children suffer severely, their basic needs not met, their families and houses destroyed. Many children were wounded or handicapped. In addition the children of Afghanistan have had very little or no education. These problems now involve 3 generations of children in Afghanistan.

Starting in 2001 the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) has been active in Afghanistan. The Netherlands is participating in this NATO governed task force and have erected a base in Uruzgan in August 2006 (Kamp Holland).

Despite the presence of ISAF troops the situation in Afghanistan is still unstable and unsafe. This is partly due to local warlords who are not willing to accept the terms of the central government.

Refugees are another problem. In the last decades many people fled but many are now returning to Afghanistan. Since 2002 5 million people have returned to Afghanistan, putting extra stress on the available food and clean water supplies.

The increase in the population caused by the returning refugees should not be underestimated. Last year 370.000 people returned to Afghanistan.Even for an industrialized western country it would be a serious challenge to provide housing and food to this many people. There are no examples in recent history of of any country taking in this number of people.

(Source: wikipedia)





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